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Beyond Burqa and Triple Talaq

Stories of Development and Everyday Citizenship in India

by Farah Naqvi
with Sadbhavna Trust

Working with Muslims goes down to the ground in eight major states of India and investigates the reality of non-government organizations and their development work, with the largest marginalized minority in the world’s largest democracy.

It asks the simple questions (Who is working with Muslims? On which issues?), and the complex ones (What lens is deployed? How does this work navigate the minefield of identity?). With intellectual precision, it dissects the voluntary sector, interrogates identity, engages with many faces of ‘development’; and tells stories of ordinary women and men, of clarity amid obfuscation, of fear mixed with immense hope.

The book is based ona two-and-a-half-year long research study, under the aegis of Sadbhavna Trust, that took place between 2011-2013 in eight states, as well as the region of Mewat in Rajasthan. The research covered Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and the Mewat region, which includes three blocks in Alwar district (in Rajasthan) and Mewat district (in Haryana). The study covered Mewat as a `Special Area’ in order to understand the particularities of an area marked by adverse development indicators and a large Muslim population.


The research study also generated this online resource – an Annotated Directory(GIVE LINK HERE) of 373 NGOs that work with Muslims in areas of development that cover a wide spectrum: women’s rights, child rights, the rights of sex workers and workers in the informal economy, health, disability, credit, land rights, education, and employment, among others. This annotated directory has detailed information about the founders, leadership, sectors of work, location, budget, and contact details of each of these NGOs. We hope this will be a useful resource for anyone concerned with the status of the largest minority in the world’s largest democracy—including policy makers and practitioners (both governmental and non-governmental), NGOs, civil society organizations and networks, activists and people’s movements, international development agencies, academics, intellectuals, journalists, research institutions.


Farah Naqvi
An alumus of Columbia University, Farah Naqvi is a feminist, activist and writer. Her work for nearly three decades – from villages to public policy spaces – has focused on justice, development and freedom from violence, for India’s perpetual un-equals: Women, Muslims, and Dalits.

Sadbhavna Trust
Sadbhavna Trust works on building the strength and capacities of marginalized communities, especially women; helping them seek equality through participation in democratic discourse and the public sphere.

ISBN 978-93-83968-24-4

Paperback. Pages xviii+416, demy octave 5.5 in x 8.5 in. includes illustrations
Rs450 (India), $20 (elsewhere). Inclusive of shipping

Available at major bookstores and with IPD Alternatives,

44 Shahpur Jatt, Ground Floor, New Delhi 110049 Tel. +91 11 26492040/26497895. e-mail: 

You could also order directly from www.threeessays.com


First Edition December 2017

Copyright © Sadbhavna Trust & Farah Naqvi

Publisher: Three Essays Collective


National Research Coordinator: Farah Naqvi
Core Research Group: Renuka Mishra, Malini Ghose, Madhavi Kuckreja
Project Coordinator: Praneeta Kapur
Data Consultant: Khurshid Siddiqui
Senior Research Associate: Risha Syed
Research Associate: Taha Abdul Rauf

Research Associate: Sana Javeid

Dr Syeda Hamid, Former Member Planning Commission, Government of India
Dr Rakesh Basant, Professor IIM Ahmedabad, Former member, Sachar Committee
Dr Abusaleh Shariff, Former Member-Secretary, Sachar Committee
Mr Harsh Sethi, Consulting Editor, Seminar Magazine
Dr Bhagwan Josh, Professor of History, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Andhra Pradesh

Lead Researchers and Documentation: Sashi Kumar (Yugantar), Kameshwari Jandhyala, and Vijay Burgula
Field Work and Documentation: Raoof Mir, Khasimpeera, Sundar Kompalli, Syed Naeem 

Lead Researchers: Jamal Kidwai and Ishteyaque Ahmad (Aman Trust)
Field Work and Documentation: Ishteyaque Ahmad, Jamal Kidwai,
Ravindra Kumar Rai

Delhi and Mewat
Lead Researchers: Renuka Mishra, Malini Ghose
Field Work and Documentation: Praneeta Kapur, Sana Javeid, Malini Ghose 

Lead Researchers: Nadim Khan (Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy [CSSEIP], National Law School of India University [NLSIU]), Haritha Sarma (Human and Institutional Development Forum [HIDF])
Field Work and Documentation: Nadim Khan (CSSEIP, NLSIU), Parveen Shaikh, Mohammed Rafi and Vanya Joseph (HIDF)

Lead Researcher and Documentation: Dr Seema Bhaskaran
Field Work and Documentation: Dr Seema Bhaskaran and Rahmath E. P.
(first phase preliminary field work: Dr Zubair Hudawi)

Lead Researcher: Dr PK Shajahan (Tata Institute for Social Sciences)
Field Work & Documentation: Santosh Birwatkar, Sheema Fatima
(first phase preliminary field work: Nasreen Contractor)

Uttar Pradesh
Lead Researchers: Madhavi Kuckreja and Risha Syed
Field Work & Documentation: Risha Syed

West Bengal
Lead Researcher: Sreela Das Gupta
Field Work & Documentation: Gargi Banerjee, Arundhati Gupta

Annotated Directory – 373 Organisations

Abid Ali Khan Education Trust, Hyderabad
Aman Shanti, Sultan Shahi, Hyderabad
Aman Vedika (Aman Biradari), Secunderabad
Amol Welfare & Charitable Trust, Guntur
Anjuman Khadimul Muslimeen, Hyderabad
Bashir & Sarvar Babu Khan Trust, Hyderabad
Bait ul Nasr – Helping Home, Anantapur
Boys Town, Hyderabad
Burhani Trust, Hyderabad
Centre For Youth And Rural Development, Mahabubnagar
Confederation Of Voluntary Associations (COVA), Hyderabad
Development Action For Marginalised Minorities (DAMM), Anantapur
Development Of Rural Oppressed People’s Society (DROPS), Kadapa
Edara-e-Khadiman-e-Millat (KMK), Karimnagar
Foundation For Economic and Educational Development (FEED) & Hyderabad Zakat and Charitable Trust (HZT), Secunderabad
Goodway Voluntary Organisation, Warangal
Hazrath Khwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Welfare Society, Medak
Iqra Society For Career Guidance, Hyderabad
Janata Rural Development Society, Mahabubnagar
Khaja Garib Nawaz Hindalwali Society, Medak
Khaja Garib Nawaz Voluntary Organisation, Mancherial, Adilabad
Krushi Samstha, Chittoor
Limra Social Service Society, Adilabad
Madina Mahila Mandali, Mahabubnagar
Mahila Sanatkar, Hyderabad
Mahita, Hyderabad
Mallepally Welfare Society, Nizamabad
Mass Education and Organisation Society, Anantpur
Minorities Women Welfare Society, Warangal
Mother Teresa Social And Educational Society, Mahabubnagar
Muslim Development Forum, Nalgonda
Muslim Educational Social and Cultural Organisation, Hyderabad
MV Foundation, Secunderabad
Nadiya Social Service Society, Nizamabad
Navajeevan Balabhavan, Vijaywada
Nisa Research and Resource Centre for Women, Hyderabad
Nizamia Hyderabad Women’s Association Trust, Hyderabad
Pasha Educational Trust, Hyderabad
Polymers Educational Society, Nellore
Praja Abhyudaya Samstha, Ramakuppam
Rainbow Social Service Society, Warangal
Razi Clinics, Hyderabad
SFT Training Centre, Kunool
Shaheen, Hyderabad
Sharieff Education and Health Society, Nellore
Sneha Society for Rural Reconstruction, Nizamabad
Social Educational and Economic Development Society (SEEDS), Guntur
Society For National Integration through Rural Development (SNIRD), Prakasam
Society Promoting Enlightenment and Knowledge in Development Incorporated Actions (SPEAK INDIA), Nellore
Sunrise Society for Health and Education, Nizamabad
Support For The Upliftment Of People’s Participation On Rural Development (SUPPORT), Prakasam
Tarangini Social Service Society, Warangal
The Mastan Islamic Education and Muslim Welfare Trust Limited, Karimnagar
The Muslim Educational Society, Karimnagar
Weaker Communities Upliftment Society (WCUSS ), Kurnool
Yugantar, Hyderabad

Adithi, Patna
Al Khair Cooperative Credit Society Limited, Patna
AL-Goush Educational and Social Welfare Society, Bhagalpur
Al-Hind Educational & Welfare Society, Patna
Alp Sankhyak Avam Harijan Samaj Kalyan Kendra, Muzaffarpur
Antyodaya Lok Karyakram (ALOK), West Champaran
Anuradha Mahila Kalyan Kendra, Rohtas
Azad India Foundation, Kishanganj
Bachpan Bachao Andolan, Patna
Bihar Awami Cooperative Bank Ltd., Patna
Bihar Viklang Kalyan Parisad, Muzaffarpur
Centre for Health and Resource Management (CHARM), Patna
Daudnagar Organisation for Rural Development (DORD), Aurangabad
Development Education and Environmental Programme (DEEP), West Champaran
Equity Foundation, Patna
Faroge Adab, Muzaffarpur
Ghoghardiha Prakhand Swarajya Vikas Sangh (GPSVS), Madhubani
Gyan Vigyan Samiti Bihar, Patna
Edara-e-Sharia, Patna
Imarat Shariah Educational and Welfare Trust, Patna
Institute for Developmental Education and Action (IDEA), East Champaran
Izad, Patna
Jan Vikas, West Champaran
Kranti Manav Seva Kendra, Rohtas
Mahila Darpan, Khagaria
Mahila Samaj Vikas Sansthan, Nalanda
Mahila Sewak Samaj, Nalanda
Milli Educational And Welfare Society, Kishanganj
Muzaffarpur Vikas Mandal, Muzaffarpur
Nidan, Patna
Nirdesh, Muzaffarpur
Parcham, Muzaffarpur
Paridhi, Bhagalpur
Parivar Vikas, Jamui
Radha Shilp Kala Kendra, Rohtas
Rapid Action for Human Advancement Tradition (RAHAT), Kishanganj
Safali Youth Club, Bhagalpur
Sahulat Microfinance Society, New Delhi
Samagra Gram Swaraj Sangh, Nalanda
Samagra Sewa, Jamui
Samagra Sikshan Evam Vikash Sansthan (SSEVS), West Champaran
Samajik Shodh Evam Vikas Sansthan, East Champaran
Samar, Patna
Shama Vikas Samiti, Nalanda

Act Now for Harmony and Democracy (ANHAD)
Action India
All India Kabadi Mazdoor Mahasabha
Aman Trust.
Ankur Society for Alternatives in Education
Centre for Equity Studies (CES)
Centre for Social Equity and Inclusion (CSEI)
Centre of Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA)
Centre for Equity and Inclusion (CEQUIN)
Childhood Enhancement Through Training and Action (CHETNA)
Community Aid & Sponsorship Program (CASP)
Delhi Shramik Sangathan
Empowerment for Rehabilitation Academic & Health (EFRAH)
Hazards Centre
Hope Project Charitable Trust
Human Welfare Foundation
Humayun’s Tomb-Sunder Nursery- Hazrat Nizamuddin Basti Urban Renewal Project
Indian Medicine Development Trust
Joint Operation for Self Help (Josh)
Muslim Women’s Welfare Organisation
Nav Shrishti
Pratham Delhi Education Initiative (PDEI)
Sakshi Centre for Information, Education and Communication.
Salaam Baalak Trust
Society for Service to Voluntary Agencies (SOSVA)
Sur Nirman Education & Cultural Society
The Young People’s Foundation (YP Foundation)

Affus Women Welfare Association, Hubli
Al Azhar Foundation, Bangalore
Al –Fatima Women’s Welfare Society, Gulbarga
Apna Ghar, Hassan
Association for Protection of Civil Rights (APCR), Bangalore
Association of People With Disability (APD), Bangalore
Bazm-e-Niswan, Bangalore
Centre for Rural Education Development & Innovative Technologies of India (CREDIT-I), Mysore
Chaitanya Rural Development Society, Haveri
Development Education Service, Manglore
Ease Training Institute, Mandya
Ebenezer Society, Bidar
Foundation for Educational Innovations in Asia (FEDINA), Bijapur
Gadag District Youth Minorities Seva Committee, Gadag
Human Institutional Development Forum (HIDF), Bangalore
Humane Touch, Bangalore
Iqra Educational Sports and Welfare Charitable Trust, Chikmagalur
Janasahayog, Bangalore
Janodaya Seva Trust, Mandya
Jeevika, Mysore
Lead Trust, Bangalore
Makkala Jagriti, Bangalore
Meera Women Foundation, Davangere
Minority Women and Rural Development Education Society, Koppal
Nirmana Samsthe, Haveri
Paraspara Trust, Bangalore
People, Davangere
Pain, Relief and You Foundation Trust (PRAY), Bangalore
Raviputra Environmental Awareness and Charitable Trust (REACT), Tumkur
Raza Educational and Social Welfare Society, Bangalore
Sadhana Mahila Goumpu, Bangalore
Sahara, Gulbarga
Sakhi Trust, Bellary
Siddi Janvikas Sangh, Uttara Kannada
Seamond’s Memorial Education for Rural Development Society (SMERDS), Bidar
Swabhimaan Trust, Bangalore
Talent Promotion Trust, Bangalore
The Lifeline Foundation Trust, Bangalore
Vanasiri Rural Development Society, Haveri
Women’s Welfare Society, Belgaum

Association for Care of Cognitive, Communicative & Other Related Disorders (ACCCORD), Malappuram
Centre for Information and Guidance India (CIGI), Calicut
Centre for Guidance and Training (C-GATE), Calicut
Citizen’s Intellectual, Educational, Social and Cultural Organisation (CIESCO), Calicut
Forum for Rural and Urban Integrated Transformation (FRUIT), Pathanamthitta
Institute of Positive Health and Psychological Solutions (PHAPINS), Kasaragod
Integrated Development Centre (IDC), Kozhikode
Intervention to Make A Difference (IMAD), Alappuzha
Islamic Welfare Forum, Ernakulam
Karuvankallu Samskarika Vedi (KASAVE), Malappuram
Moulana Abdul Rahman Fuzfari Memorial Charitable Trust, Malappuram
Muslim Employees Cultural Association (MECA), Cochin
Muslim Service Society (MSS), Calicut
National Service Society (NSS), Malappuram
P. M. Foundation, Cochin
Sign, Wayanad
Thankayam Educational and Relief Society (TEARS), Kasaragod
The Serve India, Calicut
Theeradesa (Coastal Region) Raksha Social Welfare Society (TRSWS), Calicut
Yes India, Calicut
Young Men’s Club, Calicut
Yuva Sahithee Samajam, Kozhikode

Aawaaz-e-Niswaan, Mumbai
Abdul Salam Pathan Rural Development Organisation, Aurangabad
Adarsh Mahila Griha Udyog, Latur
Ahilyadevi Shikshan Prasarak & Bahuuddeshiya Mandal, Washim
Ahl-e-Hadees Welfare Society, Nashik
Aishabai & Haji Abdul Latif Charitable Trust, Mumbai
Asra Foundation, Thane
Association of Muslim Professionals, Mumbai
Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan (BMMA)
Citizen for Development and Peace, Nashik
Committee of Resource Organizations for Literacy (CORO for Literacy), Mumbai
Deep foundation, Nandurbar
Institute for Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution (IPSCR), Mumbai
Iqra International Women’s Alliance, Mumbai
Janwadi Gram Vikas Pratishtan, Pathari, Parbhani
Jhansi Chi Rani Bahuddeshiya Gramin Vikas Sanstha, Yavatmal
KHOJ, a project of Sabrang Trust, Mumbai
Kurban Husain Minority Co-op Housing Society, Solapur
Late Shriram Ahirrao Memorial Trust, Dhule
Learn Mahila Kamgar Sangathan, Mumbai
Lokvikas Bahuuddeshiy Sanstha, Nandurbar
M.S. Naik Foundation, Ratnagiri
Mahima Bhahu Udeshiy Sevabhavi Sansta, Latur
Manoday Samaj Kalyan Sanstha, Nashik
Marium Education Welfare Trust, Kalyan, Mumbai
Modern Educational Social and Cultural Organization (MESCO), Mumbai
Muslim Gavali Samaj, Amravati
Muslim Samanvay Samiti, Pune
Neo Educational & Economic Development Society (NEEDS), Mumbai
Noorjahan Begum Charitable Trust, Yavatmal
Pratham Mumbai Education Initiative, Mumbai
Rahat Welfare Trust, Mumbai
Raigad District Muslim Welfare Organisation, Raigad
Rationing Kruti Samitee, Navi Mumbai
Ruby Social Welfare Society, Nagpur
Sahara Foundation, Mumbai
Satyadeep Mahila Mandal, Jalna
Setu Charitable Trust, Mumbai
Social Action for Transformation and Harmony (SATH), Latur
Society for Awareness Harmony and Equal Rights (SAHER), Mumbai
Society for Human and Environment Development (SHED), Mumbai
Thane District Rural Muslims Welfare Organisation, Thane
Youth For Unity & Voluntary Education (YUVA), Nagpur

Akhil Bharitya Gramin Uthan Samiti (ABGUS), Alwar
Alwar Mewat Institute of Education and Development (AMIED), Alwar
Deepalaya, New Delhi
Ibtada, Alwar
Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD), Gurgaon
Matsya Mewat Shiksha Evam Vikas Sansthan (MMVS), Alwar
Rasuli Kanwar Khan Trust, Gurgaon
Sakhi Samiti, Kishangarh Bas, Alwar
Seeking Modern Applications for Real Transformation (SMART), New Delhi
Sir Syed Trust, Alwar
Society for All Round Development (SARD), New Delhi
Society for Promotion of Youth and Masses (SPYM), New Delhi
Society for Public Education Cultural Training and Rural Action (SPECTRA), Alwar
SRF Foundation, Gurgaon
White Lotus, New Delhi

Aaghaz-e-Insaf, Lucknow
Aga Khan Foundation, Baharaich
Akhil Bhartiya Shrawasti Gramodyog Seva Sansthan (ABSGSS), Shrawasti
Al Faiz Shiksha Evam Kalyan Samiti, Aligarh
Aligarh Old Boys Welfare Association, Mau
Amin Welfare Trust, Kanpur
Analhaq Foundation, Luckhnow
Anjuman Falah-e-Darain, Luckhnow
Asian Bridge India, Varanasi
Association for Advocacy and Legal Initiatives (AALI), Lucknow
Association for Minority Micro Finance Organisation (AMMFO), Bijnor
Astitva Samajik Sanstha, Muzaffarnagar
Awadh Peoples Forum, Faizabad
Azad Shiksha Kendra, Jaunpur
Better Education Through Innovation Foundation (BETI Foundation), Luckhnow
Bharat Gyan Vigyan Samiti (BGVS), Uttar Pradesh, Luckhnow
Bharosa Trust, Lucknow
Bhartiya Manav Samaj Kalyan Seva Sansthan, Baharaich
Beedi Mazdoor Sangh, Raebareli
Children Emancipation Society (Project Mala), Varanasi
Development of Eco Friendly Handicraft and Appropriate Technology Society (DEHAT), Gorakhpur
Disha Social Organization, Saharanpur
Doaba Vikas Evam Utthan Samiti, Kaushambi
Dwarika Gramodyog Sansthan, Aligarh
Foundation for Education and Educational Development (FEED), Lucknow
Global Social Welfare Society, Rampur
Gorakhpur Information Centre, Gorakhpur
Grameen Vikas Sanstha (GRAVIS), Meerut
Grameen Yuva Evam Bal Vikas Parishad, Fatehpur
Guriya Swayam Sevi Sanstha, Varanasi
Hamsafar, Lucknow
Human Welfare Association, Varanasi
I.G. Khan Memorial Trust, Aligarh
India Al Khair Foundation, Jaunpur
Islamic Youth Organisation, Rampur
Jan Kalyan Shikshan Prashikshan Samiti, Pilibhit
Life Care Sanstha, Muzaffarnagar
Lok Abhiyan, Gorakhpur
Lok Samiti, Varanasi
MAAN Aids Foundation, Lucknow
Madhuban Seva Samiti, Fatehpur
Manav Vikas Seva Samiti, Moradabad
Mijwan Welfare Society, Azamgarh
Muslim Fund Najibabad (MFN), Bijnor
Nalanda, Lucknow
Nari Chetna Samiti, Jaunpur
Nav Bharat Samaj Kalyan Samiti, Baliya
Nav Bhartiya Nari Vikas Samiti, Moradabad
Network of Entrepreneurship & Economic Development (NEED), Lucknow
Nizami Student Welfare Club, Rampur
Parcham Sanstha, Saharanpur
Parvaaz Foundation, Luckhnow
Parvaz Samajik Sansthan, Saharanpur
Pasmanda Front, Bijnor
Pehchan Samajik Sanstha, Dehradun
Pragati Madhyam Samiti, Chitrakoot
Prayatna Foundation, Barabanki
Rampur Information Centre, Rampur
Saajhi Duniya, Luckhnow
Sabla, Raebareli
Sahbhagi Shikshan Kendra, Lucknow
Sakar, Bareilly
Samudayik Kalyan Evam Vikas Sansthan, Gorakhpur
Sanatkada, Lucknow
Sankalp Shiksha Prasar Samiti, Meerut
Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), Luckhnow
Sharnam Sansthan, Luckhnow
Shramik Bharti, Kanpur
Society for Health Awareness Research and Education, Varanasi
Stree Adhikar Sangathan, Allahabad
Tarun Chetna Sansthan, Pratapgarh
Tehrik –e- Pasmanda Muslim Samaj, Saharanpur
Udaan Society, Aligarh
Uttar Pradesh Positive Women Network (UPPWN+), Varanasi
Vanangana, Chitrakoot
Vigyan Foundation, Lucknow
Vishal Bharat Sansthan, Varanasi
Vision Society for Interactive Operational Needs, Varanasi

All Bengal Muslim Women’s Association, Kolkata
Association for Social and Health Advancement (ASHA), Kolkata
Bolpur Manab Jamin, Birbhum
Bulbulchandi Barind Development Society, Malda
Char Baburpur Rural Welfare Society, Malda
Child In Need Institute, South 24 Parganas
Digambarpur Angikar, South 24 Parganas
Federation of Muslim Associations (FOMA), Kolkata
Ganga Bhangan Protirodh Nagorik Action Committee, Malda
Ganga Prasad Rural Welfare Society, Malda
Garden Reach Alif Nagar Development Organisation (GRAND), Kolkata
Howrah Pilot Project, Howrah
Jeevika Development Society, Kolkata
Khanpur Azad Gram Unnayan Samity, Malda
Kohinoor Welfare Society, Kolkata
Maheshpur Welfare Society, Malda
Malda Sahayogita Samity (MSS), Malda
Mashriq Education Trust, Kolkata
Mohammad Bazar Backward Classes Development Society, Birbhum
Nari O Sishu Kalyan Kendra (NSKK), Howrah
Narkeldanga Rehnumae Niswaan, Kolkata
Palsa Pally Unnayan Samity, Murshidabad
Raiganj Charitable Anath O Bridhhashram, Uttar Dinajpur
Raiganj Debinagar Welfare and Education Centre, Uttar Dinajpur
Raiganj Mahila Sammilani, Uttar Dinajpur
Right Track, Kolkata
Samsia Milan Sangha, Dakshin Dinajpur
Samsia Rural Health and Economic Development Society (SRHEDS), Dakshin Dinajpur
Shripur Mahila-O-Khadi Unnayan Samity (SMOKUS), Uttar Dinajpur
Sir Syed Group of Schools, Kolkata
Social Network for Assisting the People (SNAP), Kolkata
Society for Equitable Voluntary Actions (SEVA), Kolkata
Street Survivors India, Murshidabad
Sundarban Rural Development & Training Centre, South 24 Parganas
Swayam, Kolkata
Tajmahal Gram Bikash Kendra, Howrah
Talash Society for Inner Strength Peace & Eqality, Kolkata
Tapan Karmodyog Sanstha, Dakshin Dinajpur
The Ahimsa Trust, Noida
Tiljala Shed for Human & Education Development, Kolkata
Ujjibani Society for Social Economic Environmental and Rural Development, Dakshin Dinajpur
Vivekanada Voluntary Health Worker Association, Raiganj, Uttar Dinajpur